I conduct laboratory-based experiments on human memory. Within this broad area, I am most interested in studying memory and law and focus on three main areas:
1. Eyewitness Memory
There are hundreds of documented cases where an eyewitness has incorrectly recalled a crime and this mistake has resulted in an innocent person being wrongfully convicted for the crime. I am engaged in projects examining factors that can harm eyewitness memory (e.g., emotional arousal) and factors that can enhance eyewitness memory (e.g., different interview techniques).
2. Juror Memory
Jurors can forget critical trial evidence and what they do recall can be inaccurate. These memory failures can impact upon their verdicts, producing miscarriages of justice. I am engaged in projects establishing which factors harm jurors' memory of trial evidence (e.g., inattention) and whether it is possible to enhance their memory of trial evidence (e.g., by permitting jurors to take notes during a trial).
3. Memory Conformity and Blame Conformity
Our memories of events are shaped by others. Memory conformity occurs when one person changes their recall of an event to be consistent with another person's differing recall of the same event. Blame conformity occurs when one person changes who they blame for an incident to be consistent with another person. Both phenomena are forensically important as most crimes have multiple eyewitnesses, these eyewitnesses discuss the crime together, and they can influence each other's memory of the crime during these discussions. I am engaged in projects examining factors that influence both of these phenomena (e.g., the social relationship between discussants).
Other Research Interests
I am also interested in studying memory more generally and am currently engaged in projects examining false memories (examining why people develop memories for events that did not occur), collaborative remembering (examining how well groups work together to recall studied information), and prospective memory (examining how well people remember to carry out tasks in future).